The genus Aconitum in the flora of Slovakia is represented by subgenera Aconitum, Lycoctonum and Anthora.
Among them the subgenus Aconitum is the richest and includes sections Aconitum and Cammarum DC., as well as nothosection Acomarum Starmühl. (sect. Aconitum × sect. Cammarm). It includes next taxa: 1) A. firmum Rchb. (subsp. firmum,subsp. moravicum Skalický, as well as it should includes contraversive subsp. maninense (Skalický) Starmühl. in Starmühl. & Mitka and nsubsp. paxii Starmühl. in Starmühl. & Mitka); 2) A. ×cammarum L. em. Fries; 3) A. variegatum L. subsp. variegatum; 4) A. lasiocarpum (Rchb.) Gáyer (subsp. lasiocarpum and subsp. kotulae (Pawł.) Starmühl. & Mitka); 5) A. degenii Gáyer subsp. degenii.
The second subgenus Lycoctonum (DC.) Peterm. is represented by: 1) A. moldavicum Hacq. (subsp. moldavicum, subsp. hosteanum (Schur) Graebn. & P. Graebn., subsp. simonkaianum (Gáyer) Starmühl.); 2) A. lycoctonum L. em. Koelle subsp. vulparia (Rchb.) Nyman; 3) controversive hybrid A. ×triste Fisch. ex Staud.
The third subgenus Anthora (DC.) Peterm. is represented by just one species A. anthora L. (subsp. anthora and subsp. eulophum).